Muscle Pain & Injury

 
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Causes:

Muscular strains, tears, pain, or injuries can range widely in severity and occur due to a variety of reasons. Some people experience muscular aches and pains as a symptom of an underlying joint problem.

The tendon is the hard bit of muscle that connects the muscle belly to bones. They are strong and able to withstand a lot of tensile force. However, these tendons can become injured either through acute injury or consistent repetitive strain. This can then lead to pain caused by a tendinopathy. Common examples of tendinopathies are golfers/tennis elbow, or patellar tendon tendinopathy.

Muscular tears or injury are a common cause of sports injuries, especially in the lower legs. When muscles become fatigued or tired, have excess load placed onto them, or are asked to lengthen further than usual, this can cause strain and injury to the muscle.

Muscles can also strain when doing simple tasks such as lifting things around the house, such as furniture, shopping, or your children.

Symptoms:

Pain - this can be an incredibly sharp pain during acute injury, or a low grade dull ache with more consistent pain

Redness or heat

Swelling

Tenderness on touch or stretching of the muscle

Bruising can occur with more serious muscular tears

Local pain in the tendon or muscle belly, depending on which area is affected

 
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Treatment:

As mentioned above, it is important to find out which of the soft tissues is injured (which muscle), as well as whether there is involvement of ligaments as well. It is then important to determine whether it is the muscle belly, or the muscle tendon that is affected, as management of each is slightly different.

Hands on treatment working through the soft tissues will be carried out, using a variety of techniques utilising different amounts of pressure, rhythm, and speed depending on each presentation. The purpose of this is to increase blood flow to the muscle, stretch or elongate the muscle (safely), and promote tissue healing.

Management:

Management is case dependant on the injury. It will usually involve a graded exercise rehabilitation, with the purpose of slowly increasing the load a muscle injury is able to handle, while maintaining or increasing the flexibility. Due to their rich blood supply, muscular injuries usually heal faster than other types of injuries, however this is not always the case with tendinopathies. This will be discussed with you at your consultation.